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聽故事學4000英語詞匯76:馬修得到的教訓

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聽英語故事,學記英語單詞。4000英語實用詞匯,盡在每個故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 3 Paul Nation

4000英語核心詞匯3 保羅·納森

Unit 16 Word List

第16單元 單詞表

adolescent n.

青年

An adolescent is a young person or a teenager.

年輕的人或青少年。

→ The adolescent was excited about getting a skateboard for his birthday.

那個少年因為得到了一個滑板作為生日禮物而興奮不已。

aptitude n.

天資

Aptitude is a natural ability or skill.

一種與生俱來的能力或本領。

→ He has a natural aptitude for water skiing.

他有滑水的天賦。

compliment v.

恭維

To compliment is to say a nice thing about someone or something.

表示夸贊某人某物。

Her co-worker complimented her for doing a good job.

她的同事稱贊她做得很好。

hinder v.

阻礙

To hinder is to keep someone or something from doing something.

表示阻止某人做某事。

→ All the traffic hindered me from getting to work on time.

我因為交通阻塞無法按時上班。

journalism n.

新聞業

Journalism is the work of collecting the news to put in newspapers or on TV.

收集新聞發表在報紙或新聞上。

→ Before becoming a teacher, she worked in journalism.

當老師前,她是一名記者。

jury n.

陪審團

A jury is a group of people that listen to a trial and say if someone is guilty.

聽審判并判斷某人是否有罪的一群人。

→ The jury listened closely to the attorney before they made their decision.

陪審團在作出決定前仔細聽取了律師的意見。

justice n.

正義

Justice is fairness in the way that you treat other people.

對待他人的公正的方式。

→ People turn to the court system when they are seeking justice.

人們在尋求正義時會求助于法院系統。

liberty n.

自由

Liberty is freedom to do what you want.

做想做的事的自由。

→ To many people, the Statue of Liberty is a symbol of freedom.

對許多人來說,自由女神像是自由的象征。

literary adj.

書面的

If someone or something is literary, it is involved with literature in some way.

在某種程度上與書面有關。

→ He worked hard to create a successful literary career.

他努力工作,開創了成功的文學事業。

pharmacy n.

藥房

A pharmacy is a place where medicine is sold.

賣藥的場所。

My mother sells medicine to people at the pharmacy.

我媽媽是一名藥房的售貨員。

pill n.

藥丸

A pill is a small object that has medicine inside.

包含藥物的一種小物品。

→ She took a pill for her headache.

她吃了一片頭痛藥。

presume v.

假設

To presume is to believe something is true without being certain.

未經證實的情況下認為某事是正確的。

→ Since he raised his hand, the teacher presumed he knew the answer.

因為他舉手了,所以老師以為他知道答案。

privacy n.

隱私

To have privacy is to be away from other people.

表示不為人知的。

→ Please hang the sign on the door so we can have some privacy.

請把標示牌掛上,免得有人打擾。

punishment n.

懲罰

A punishment is something that one must endure for any wrong doing.

某人因為犯錯而必須經受的處罰。

→ He was given a punishment for being rude to the teacher.

他因對老師無禮而受到懲罰。

sensible adj.

明智的

If someone is sensible, they make good decisions.

表示能做出正確決定的。

→ It was sensible for her to save some money each month.

她每個月存點錢是明智的。

slice n.

薄片

A slice is a piece from something larger, such as a cake.

從更大的物體上獲取的一片,比如蛋糕。

→ The girl enjoyed a slice of cake at her birthday party.

這個女孩在她的生日聚會上吃了一塊蛋糕。

sorrow n.

悲傷

Sorrow is a very sad feeling.

一種很傷心的感覺。

→ The girl felt sorrow after her best friend moved away.

女孩在她最好的朋友搬走后感到悲傷。

straw n.

吸管

A straw is a thin tube that is used to suck liquid into the mouth.

用來把液體吸進嘴里的一種細管。

→ I drank the orange juice through a straw.

我用吸管喝橙汁。

swell v.

腫脹

To swell is to become larger and rounder.

變得更大更圓。

→ My sister's stomach began to swell after she got pregnant.

我妹妹懷孕后肚子開始慢慢變大。

tidy adj.

整齊的

When something is tidy, it is clean and in order.

表示整潔的。

→ Leon has always been a very tidy boy.

利昂一直是個很整潔的男孩。

Matthew Learns a Lesson

馬修得到的教訓

Matthew was a sensible boy. He always kept his room tidy and had a natural literary aptitude. One day, he hoped to have a career in journalism. The adolescent spent much of his time reading and liked having privacy. But his quiet personality hindered his ability to make friends.

馬修是個聰明的男孩,他總把房間收拾得整齊干凈,而且還具有文學天賦。他夢想這有一天能當個記者。他大部分時間都花在閱讀上,并且不喜歡與人分享。但是,他這一個性卻阻礙了他交朋友。

One day, Matthew went to the pharmacy to pick up some pills for his grandmother. He saw some boys leaning against a pole outside. One of the boys complimented Matthew. "I like your jacket."

一天,馬修去藥房為祖母買藥時發現門外的柱子上倚著幾個男孩。其中一個男孩對他說:“我喜歡你的這件夾克。”

Another boy asked, "Do you want to go to Nate's Restaurant?"

另一個男孩說 ,:“你想去內特的飯店嗎?”

Sure! Matthew said.

“當然想去了!”馬修答道。

The boys walked to the restaurant. They were going to have slices of pizza. They ordered their food and drank soda with straws. They ate until their bellies swelled up. Matthew was having so much fun.

男孩們步行前往飯店。他們打算吃披薩。點了披薩和飲料后,他們放開肚皮飽餐了一頓。馬修感到很開心。

One of the boys said, "Let's leave without paying."

其中一個男孩說:“我們不付錢就走吧。”

Matthew didn't want to. But he presumed his new friends wouldn't like him if he didn't.

馬修不想這么做,但他知道如果不和他們一起走,這些新朋友們是不會喜歡他的。

Suddenly, the waiter yelled, "Stop!" The two other boys ran, leaving Matthew there alone.

突然,服務員喊道:“站住!”那兩個男孩跑開了,只剩馬修一個人留在原地。

Soon, the police arrived. "Leaving without paying for your meal is the same as stealing," said the police officer. "The restaurant wants justice. So next week you have to go to court and let a jury decide your punishment."

很快,警察就來了。“吃霸王餐和偷竊同罪,”警官說道。“飯店想要公正處理此事,所以你下周要上法庭,由陪審團決定對你的處罰。”

When he went to court, the judge asked, "Do you have anything to say, Matthew?"

來到法庭后,法官問他:“你有什么要說的嗎,馬修?”

He said, "I feel sorrow for what I've done. Now I know that real friends won't ask you to do something illegal."

他回答說:“我為自己的所作所為感到痛心。現在我才知道,真正的朋友是不會讓我做違法的事的。”

The jury then let him have his liberty. But they made Matthew pick up trash as punishment.

陪審團隨后決定釋放馬修,但作為處罰,他要去撿垃圾。

Much to Matthew's surprise, he ended up meeting some new friends.

令馬修大為驚訝的是,他最終結識了一些新朋友。

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