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BBC隨身英語: 大膽猜想!未來英語會有什么變化!?

hxyxm 于2019-10-23發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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在未來,英語將會出現新的變化,將會讓更多的人學習和使用英語。隨著本期《隨身英語》來了解英語的進化。
    小E英語歡迎您,請點擊播放按鈕開始播放……

The future of English

未來的英語語言變化

You're learning English, right? You might think you can work out the grammar and have built a vast vocabulary, but then you come across an expression like 'plos'. According to online urban slang dictionaries, it means 'parents looking over shoulder'. Teenagers are to blame. They have their own code, including 'text speak' when they are on the internet or using their phones.

你在學英語,對嗎?你可能認為自己能解釋語法并積累了大量的詞匯,直到遇到了像“plos”這樣的表達。在線城市俚語詞典的解釋是“父母在背后看著”。青少年是“罪魁禍首”,他們有自己的暗號——包括上網或發短信時用的暗號。

Text speak has a lot to do with inventing cool new terms - and these change quickly. Maybe you shouldn't be surprised if an English friend says you sound a bit old-fashioned. The modal verb 'shall' is on the way out because 'will' sounds more natural these days. Bas Aarts, Professor of English linguistics at University College London says, "If you have two words which more or less express the same meaning, one of the two words will get pushed out of the language."

文本語言與創造酷炫的新詞匯有很大關系——而且這些詞匯變化很快。如果有英國朋友說你聽起來有點過時,你也不應該感到驚訝。情態動詞“shall”正在被淘汰,因為“will”現在聽起來更自然。倫敦大學學院英語語言學教授巴斯·阿特表示:“如果有兩個詞或多或少表達了相同的意思,其中一個詞就會被擠掉。”

People have been shying away from using the modal 'must' because it sounds authoritarian and people are choosing to express obligation in different ways. It sounds nicer to soften obligation by saying 'might'. For example, "You might like to read this article."

人們一直羞于使用情態動詞“must”,因為它聽起來很強硬。人們選擇用不同的方式來表達義務。用might來委婉地表達“可能”聽起來更好。例如,“你可能想讀這篇文章。”

Progressive tenses - formed from the verb 'be' and the suffix 'ing' - are used for ongoing situations, for example, 'I'm writing this article for you to read'. But its use has been increasing rapidly. Bas Aarts says that this might have to do with advertising. A fast-food chain uses the expression 'I'm loving it' in English-speaking countries. But the verb 'love' expresses a state of being - as opposed to doing - and is usually used in the simple form, for example, 'I love it'. These days, people are using stative verbs in the progressive more and more.

由動詞“be”和后綴“ing”構成的進行時態用于進行時,例如,“I'm writing this article for you to read ” 。但這種用法一直在變得更普遍。巴斯·阿特表示,這可能與廣告有關。在英語國家,快餐連鎖店使用“I'mlovingit”這個表達。但是動詞“愛”表達的是一種正在進行的狀態,通常用簡單的形式,例如“我愛它”。現在,人們越來越多地在進行時中使用靜態動詞。

Before you despair and throw your English book in the bin, be assured that some words take a very long time to change. According to Professor Mark Pagel at Reading University in the UK, pronouns like 'I', 'you' and 'we' evolve slowly - a thousand years ago we would be using similar or sometimes identical sounds. Nouns and adjectives, on the other hand, get replaced rapidly - and in 500 years or so we'll probably be using different words to the ones we have now. But let's leave the problem for the future generations.

在你絕望地把手中的英語書扔進垃圾桶之前,請相信,有些單詞需要短時間內是不會改變的。英國雷丁大學的馬克·佩格爾教授說,像“我”、“你”和“我們”這樣的代詞進化得很慢——一千年前,我們會使用相似或有時相同的發音。另一方面,名詞和形容詞會很快被取代——在500年左右的時間里,我們可能會使用與現在不同的詞。但是這個問題就留給后代吧。

 

詞匯表

grammar

語法

vocabulary

詞匯

urban slang

現代俚語

code

代碼,語言,代號

cool

酷的,時尚的

term

表達,術語

old-fashioned

過時的,老派的

modal verb

情態動詞

on the way out

即將過時,即將被淘汰

linguistics

語言學

shy away from

回避,躲避

authoritarian

專制的

obligation

義務,職責

progressive tenses

進行時態

suffix

后綴,詞尾

advertising

廣告業

stative verb

靜態動詞

pronoun

代詞

noun

名詞

adjective

形容詞

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